This Day in History (8-Feb-1943) – Subhashchandra Bose started his journey to Japan from Germany in a submarine

Netaji Subhash Chadra Bose, once a colleague of Gandhi, was fighting against British in non Violent way. But when World War II broke out, Bose thought that it was the best opportunity for India to get freedom by armed revolution. His plan was to co-operate with Germany and attack British India. He was sure that Indian soldiers in British army will rebel against the British Government as soon as his army will attack India. British Government house arrested him, but he escaped and went to Afghanistan, and then to Germany in April 1941. In his 2 years stay in Germany, Bose realised that  Germany is not interested in India’s independence but only to rule the world. His meeting with Hitler was one sided affair where Hitler proudly reiterated his well known ugly racist chauvinism. Bose wanted Germany to withdraw from Russia while  Hitler boasted that for Germany, it is only possible to reach India over ‘the dead body of Russia’.

Meanwhile Japan had entered the world war and had advanced towards India against British. Bose realised that collaborating with Japan at this stage will yield the desired result than with Germany. He also wanted to be nearer home when Japan decided to invade India so that he could be physically available to offer leadership to the people and the prisoners of war of Indian origin in South East Asia. Bose planed to go to Japan. Hitler arranged a submarine for Bose. It was a U-180 German submarine.

On 8th February 1943, the submarine sailed from Keil, to travel towards Indian ocean. Abid Hassan, a personal assistant and a doctor of Subhash Chandra Bose was his fellow traveler in this journey. When it detoured south Africa and turned to east, a British tanker Corbis confronted. U-180 sank the British Tanker. Three days later, a Japanese submarine I-29 met with U-180 near Madagascar. Subhash Chandra boarded on Japanese submarine which successfully and safely reached to Japan. After reaching Japan, he met Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo and discussed about future strategy and plans. Later Subhash Chandra Bose attacked British India from Eastern front with Indian National Army.



This Day in History (19-Mar-1944) – Azad Hind Fauj hoisted the National Flag for the first time in North East India

Subhash Chandra Bose as Supreme Commander of Azad Hind Fauz adopted in 1943, a variant of Purna Swaraj Flag that included the words “AZAD’ on the saffron band on top, “HIND” on the bottom green band and in the centre white band a ‘Springing Tiger’ in lieu of Gandhi’s ‘Charkha’ symbolising INA’s strength and their indomitable will to fight.

During World War II, the Indian National Army (INA) or the Azad Hind Fauj was born. Originally, it was founded by Capt Mohan Singh in Singapore in September 1942 with Japan’s Indian POWs in the Far East. This was with the support of the Indian Independence League, headed by expatriate nationalist leader Rash Behari Bose. However, the first INA was disbanded almost immediately in December 1942 after disagreements between Hikari Kikan and Mohan Singh, who came to believe that the Japanese High Command was using the INA as a mere pawn and propaganda tool.

However, the idea of a liberation army was revived with the arrival of Subhas Chandra Bose in the Far East in 1943. In July, at a meeting in Singapore, Rash Behari Bose handed over control of the organization to Subhas Chandra Bose. Bose was able to reorganize the fledgling army and gained massive support among the expatriate Indian population in south-east Asia. They supported by both enlisting in the Indian National Army, as well as financially. At its height it, INA consisted of about 85,000 troops, including a separate women’s unit, the Rani of Jhansi Regiment, headed by Capt. Lakshmi Swaminathan. This second INA fought along with the Imperial Japanese Army against the British and Commonwealth forces in the campaigns in Burma, Imphal and Kohima, and later, against the successful Burma Campaign of the Allies.

Moirang in Manipur was the headquarters of INA. Colonel Shaukat Malik  hoisted the Tricolour for the first time on Indian soil on 19 March 1944, in Moirang with the help of Manipuris like Shri Mairembam Koireng Singh and others who were members of the INA.

On this event, Bimal Roy produced the film ‘Pehla Aadmi’ in 1950.